Inequality among 32 London Boroughs: An S factor analysis

Open Quantitative Sociology & Political Science, 2016


A dataset of 30 diverse socioeconomic variables was collected covering 32 London boroughs. Factor analysis of the data revealed a general socioeconomic factor. This factor was strongly related to GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) scores (r's .683 to .786) and had weak to medium sized negative relationships to demographic variables related to immigrants (r's -.295 to -.558).

Jensen's method indicated that these relationships were related to the underlying general factor, especially for GCSE (coefficients |.48| to |.69|).

In multiple regression, about 60% of the variance in S outcomes could be accounted for using GCSE and one variable related to immigrants.

boroughs, cognitive ability, GCSE, general socioeconomic factor, immigrants, inequality, intelligence, IQ, London, S factor, scholastic ability, United Kingdom

Reviewed by
Noah Carl, Kenya Kura, L.J Zigerell

Review time 116 days.